An example of a business plan with calculations cleaning

An example of a business plan with calculations cleaning

Как открыть бизнес на организации химчистки с нуля – этот вопрос волнует многих начинающих бизнесменов. We offer free dry-cleaning business plan from scratch in your city.

Example of free dry cleaning business plan will help you understand the major issues of the start of the business, statistical data, relevant today, as well as a compilation of legislation will help to better understand the topic and prepare a working presentation for an investor or a bank, you have chosen to receive credit for doing business.

The business plan as a document is also used for preliminary evaluation of the project and determine its effectiveness in a particular city / region of Russia.

What information should contain a business plan for cleaning?

Summary of business plan to open dry cleaners from scratch in your city

1. The project idea.
2. Objectives of the project.
3. Миссия проекта.
4. Целями могут быть следующие пункты:

  • Creation of an enterprise with a high level of profitability.
  • profit-making legal way, indicating the legal address, Head of passport data and project founder, данных о сотрудниках и прочими атрибутами предпринимательской деятельности, зафиксированной документально на территории РФ.
  • The satisfaction of consumer demand for the provision of services chemical purification of wardrobe items and home / commercial decor.
  • Providing services both individuals, and commercial organizations.

Total funding for the project: founder receives Cash loans in the banking or any other financial institution or appeals to private investors using their own funds in the amount of 4 455 540 rub.

The company is in the nature of a private firm to provide clothing cleansing services, linen and items of decor / interior.

Project cost: 4 455 540 rub. Payback period: 12 months. Under certain conditions the investor's income as a result will be equal to 306 600 rubles.

The size of the borrowing rates on cash loans taken 16%. Should be considered, that at present banks are reviewing the rate of interest for investment projects downward.

The total amount of accrued interest will be 306 600 rubles. Payback period from the beginning of the implementation of the enterprise will be 1, 7 of the year.

algorithms action, prescribed in the business plan Dry

  1. Holding and drawing conclusions on the grid of the general economic situation in the region / city, assessing the level of the supply / demand for a service cleaning the wardrobe items and others., analysis of the direct and indirect competitors, to determine their strengths and weaknesses, build a working business model
  2. Determining the ideal customer portrait, Segmentation and analysis of the needs and the solvency of the target audience, places its concentration, selection of premises for business, acquisition and adaptation of equipment.
  3. hiring employees.
  4. services, now rendered.
  5. The choice of the enterprise size.

Dry Cleaner is designed for cleaning and washing clothes of the population and enterprises. That is, the consumer services – Individuals and legal entities, such as kindergartens, hotels, cars – serving services, businesses related to the processing of tissues, eg, Laundry, paint, sewing workshop.

Useful documents, general information and requirements.

GOST R 52058-2003 consumer services. laundry service. General specifications (with Amendment N 1)

SanPin 2.1.2.2646-10 Sanitary requirements to the device, equipment, maintenance and operation of the laundry

On approval of the Guidelines on the application of the Russian Federation budget classification

The commercial opening of the risks of dry cleaning (Laundry)

  • Attracting and retaining customers: in connection with the crisis in our country, People often buy new things as damage to low-cost items wardrobe / interior / decor.
  • Low quality of services of existing dry-cleaners, increasing the number of customer complaints and refusal to pay the received service.
  • The high cost of business startup equipment, purchase consumable chemicals from abroad, search professionals, willing to work with high-tech equipment and cleaning agents and absorbers.
    In order to reduce start-up costs and decrease the threshold of entering into business, as well as the opportunity to closely study the subject in practice, необходимо открыть пункт приема вещей на чистку от крупной компании, уже существующей в вашем городе.
factors, ограничивающие деятельность компаний по оказанию услуг
factors, ограничивающие деятельность компаний по оказанию услуг

Customer focus - the main feature of the modern entrepreneur in any sphere of activity. Today's customer is demanding and the service, and the quality of services provided, so in order to avoid conflict situations, should think about the algorithm, in which the customer fills an order form and set up your signature.

Things without labels and instructions tissue composition, and other markings, it is better not to take treatment. Protect your business from wasteful spending can also, making this item in order form as "Claims to the dry cleaner in case of damage of things I do not have," or similar.

factors, restricting the activity of the service sector
factors, restricting the activity of the service sector

Room to open dry cleaners

To start the operation of the business and the opening of the cleaning required rent, purchase or construction of premises. Regulatory authorities in the face of Roskomnadzor, fire safety and a number of other, to prescribe:

  • Dry Cleaning located entirely on the ground, the ground floor or in the basement of uninhabited fund
  • Preferably - a detached building, located at a distance of not less than 80 m. from premises , at the height of the selected space should reach three meters and more. Area - from 100 square meters.
  • Prerequisite is also the constant availability of water, power, renovated wastewater, uninterrupted operation of ventilation systems and heating during the cold season.

The most profitable for large and medium-sized cities is considered the main accommodation facilities in the country - there are much cheaper rent, and receiving points of customer orders placed in the form of islands in the mall. You may not display the dry cleaner next to the grocery store or public catering enterprises. The room should be two emergency exits, because dry-cleaning for fire category "B". There are also requirements for finishing: walls should be decorated with glazed tiles, and on the floor - ceramic tiles and waterproofing, ceiling - latex paint.

With this business model will require additional costs in the form of lease or purchase of the vehicle, as well as a standing item of expenditure in the form of the acquisition of fuel and car maintenance.

Besides, do not forget about such an expenditure, as utilities and timely repair and overhaul of all communications, and timely supply of consumables. The problem also lies in the fact, that Russian counterparts equipment and reagents do not allow to provide services at a high level should, Therefore, to ensure a good reputation in the future need to take care of finding reliable suppliers in advance.

Documents, which will be used in the preparation of a business plan for cleaning

OKPD2 - is the all-Russian classifier of products by economic activity, approved by the Order of Rosstandart 31.01.2014 N 14-cm

The range of services, accounted for within the indicator "The volume of paid services to the population" Collective classification group "Paid services to the population" based on the National Classification of products by economic activity (OKPD2) Approved by the Order of the Federal State Statistics Service 23 May 2016 g. № 244 (with changes, approved by Order of the Federal State Statistics Service 3 July 2017 g. № 448).

NACE dry cleaning, an excerpt from the document

Federal Law of 03.07.2016 N 290-FZ (row. from 27.11.2017)

Federal-Law-on-04.05.2011-N-99-FZ-red.-of-31.12.2017

Federal-Law-on-08.08.2001-N-129 FZ-red.-of-31.12.2017

The urgency of the opening of business on dry cleaning. Statistical data on the services market in Russia 2015-2018

The market of paid services

In April of 2018., according to preliminary information, community services were provided on 754,2 billion rubles (in comparable prices), In January-April 2018. – on 2987,1 billion rubles. The share of expenditure on payment services in the consumer spending of the population in April 2018. was 21,9% (in April 2017. – 21,8%).

Documentation, Recommended reading:

On approval of the indicative list of social services by type of social services

Review of major changes in the tax laws 2018

Key indicators of paid services to the population

2005 2015 2016 2017 2018
The volume of paid services to the population:

million. rub.

2 271 733 4 943 482 7 467 521 8 050 808 8 636 277
per capita, rub. 15 829 34 606 51 116 54 990 58 881
Indexes of physical volume of paid services to the population, as a percentage of the previous year:

Total volume

106.3 101.5 101.0* 98.9 100.7
according to per volume 106.7 101.4 100.8* 98.7 100.4

* The circuits ensure statistical comparability index is calculated without taking into account the reduction of the Republic of Crimea and g. Sevastopol

The volume of paid services to the population (million rubles.)

2005 2015 2016 2017 2018
All services 2 271 733 4 943 482 7 467 521 8 050 808 8 636 277
including:

household

228679 487178 806022 877938 928 625
transport 487 521 940 545 1 385 538 1 481 518 1 699 442
communication 420 277 950 653 1 268 730 1 283 482 1 291 072
housing 120272 286552 439730 525594 580 614
utilities 416 335 1 045 400 1 582 545 1 694 255 1 808 014
hotels and similar

accommodation facilities

60 098 112 855 175 709 188 992 213 288
culture 53 232 81 930 128 548 138 937 154 238
tourist 33 849 99 879 147 541 158 252 161 344
Physical Culture and Sports 14 862 30 089 53 973 62 209 70 274
medical 109 756 250 474 474 432 528 359 572 445
health-ozdorsvytelnыe 36 082 60 460 92 300 110 513 120 009
veterinary 4 771 8 052 13 743 15 560 17 254
legal 52 275 84 617 88 642 96 497 96 049
the education system 152 670 326 100 486 543 539 685 567 312
social services, provided to senior citizens and persons with disabilities 13 361 16 022 19 114
other services 81 054 178 698 310 165 332 995 337 183
Indexes of physical volume of consumer services
Indexes of physical volume of consumer services

Dynamics of the volume of paid services to the population

AT % to
appropriate
периоду предыдущего года
предыдущему
периоду
2018g.
Январь 102,7 89,9
Февраль 97,8 99,2
Март 100,1 104,9
I квартал 100,2 94,1
Апрель 99,4 98,4
Январь-апрель 100,0
Май 101,2 99,5
Июнь 100,6 100,9
II квартал 100,6 101,3
I полугодие 100,3
Июль 100,9 100,9
Август 99,2 101,2
Сентябрь 100,1 99,3
III квартал 100,2 102,0
Январь-сентябрь 100,2
Октябрь 101,1 101,4
Ноябрь 99,6 100,8
Декабрь 100,9 105,6
IV quarter 100,5 103,7
Year 100,2
2019g.
Январь 102,9 91,6
Февраль 101,5 97,9
Mart1) 101,7 105,1
I kvartal1) 102,0 95,4
Апрель 101,8 98,4
Январь-апрель 101,9

Dynamics of paid services to the population
Dynamics of paid services to the population with 2016 by 2018 year.

List services, prescribed in the dry cleaning business plan

  1. Washing of things (linen, blankets, the top clothing).
  2. bleach delicate tissues.
  3. Additional washing softening air conditioning and conditioners.
  4. improvement flavor of things with assistance flavorings.
  5. breeding complex spots with complex of things (fur, winter things, delicate and cumbersome things).
  6. ironing.
  7. Provision of cleansing workwear services to businesses and organizations, and so on.

The volume of paid services to the population by type

April 2018. Январь-апрель
2018g.
at % to
January-April
2017g.
billion.
rubles
at % to
April
2017g.
March
2018g.
total
Paid services 754,2 101,8 98,4 100 101,9
including:

household

74,3 102,9 101,8 9,8 102,5
transport 136,9 100,3 104,5 18,2 102,2
postal services, courier 5,3 90,3 99,5 0,7 89,8
telecommunications 107,3 99,2 104,3 14,2 99,7
housing 54,6 108,4 99,9 7,2 108,7
utilities 181,2 103,8 90,8 24,0 101,8
culture 12,1 99,9 89,8 1,6 103,3
tourist 8,8 104,4 102,9 1,2 106,7
hotels and similar
accommodation facilities
16,7 101,6 102,3 2,2 106,9
Physical Culture and Sports 6,3 104,9 85,7 0,8 106,0
medical 54,5 103,9 98,8 7,2 104,2
specialized collective
accommodation facilities
9,0 96,4 106,7 1,2 96,2
one sanatorium
organizations
8,0 101,1 107,0 1,1 101,1
veterinary 1,5 98,5 110,0 0,2 95,8
the education system 50,8 99,4 94,1 6,7 99,8
services, to nationals
elderly and disabled
2,0 * * 0,3 *
Other market services 32,9 * * 4,5 *
Domestic services 74291,7 102,9 101,8 100 102,5
including:

repairs, dyeing and sewing shoes

954,0 94,5 99,0 1,3 93,9
Repair and sewing of garments, fur and
leather products, hats and
textile haberdashery, repairs,
sewing and knitting knitwear
2411,0 100,6 102,4 3,2 99,4
repair and maintenance
household electronic equipment,
household machines and devices,
repair and manufacturing of hardware
3901,5 106,9 100,7 5,3 101,9
maintenance and repair of vehicles
means, machinery and equipment
24106,0 102,4 105,0 32,4 102,1
manufacture and repair of furniture 2546,1 * * 3,4 *
dry cleaning and dyeing,
laundry service
637,5 108,6 105,2 0,9 102,1
repair and construction of housing and
other buildings
19617,3 104,9 103,2 26,4 104,7
services Studios 1065,5 100,0 100,4 1,4 99,0
Services baths and showers 2147,9 98,5 90,6 2,9 98,5
Hairdressing 8345,3 104,4 99,5 11,2 102,6
услуги предприятий по прокату 841,7 * * 1,1 *
ритуальные услуги 5005,2 101,2 100,1 6,7 101,1
прочие виды бытовых услуг 2712,7 * * 3,8 *
* Наблюдение за изменением цен на приведенные виды услуг не осуществляется.

The volume of paid services per capita (rub.)

2005 2015 2016 2017 2018
All services 15 829 34 606 51 116 54 990 58 881
including:
household 1 593 3 410 5 517 5 997 6 331
transport 3 397 6 584 9 484 10 119 11 587
communication 2 928 6 655 8 685 8 767 8 802
housing 838 2 006 3 010 3 590 3 959
utilities 2 901 7 318 10 833 11 572 12 327
hotels and similar accommodation facilities 419 790 1 203 1 291 1 454
culture 371 574 880 949 1 052
tourist 236 699 1 010 1 081 1 100
Physical Culture and Sports 104 211 369 425 479
medical 765 1 753 3 248 3 609 3 903
health-ozdorsvytelnыe 251 423 632 755 818
veterinary 33 56 94 106 118
legal 364 592 607 659 655
the education system 1 064 2 283 3 330 3 686 3 868
social services, provided to senior citizens and persons with disabilities 92 109 130
other services 565 1 251 2 123 2 275 2 299

The structure of paid services to the population as percentage of total

2OE5 2015 2016 2017 2018
All of paid domestic services 100 100 100 100 100
including:
repairs, dyeing and sewing shoes 2.7 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.3
Repair and sewing of garments, fur and leather products, hats and textile haberdashery, repairs, sewing and knitting knitwear 9.2 4.3 3.6 3.5 3.4
Room service is repair and maintenance of household electronic equipment, household machines and devices. repair and manufacturing of hardware 6.5 5.3 4.8 4.8 4.9
manufacture and repair of furniture 1.8 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.5
dry cleaning and dyeing 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
laundry service 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
repair and construction of housing and other buildings 27.4 30.1 27.1 27.6 27.6
maintenance and repair of vehicles, machinery and equipment 24.1 26.5 31.0 30.3 30.7
services Studios, a photo- and cinematographic laboratories 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5
bath services, showers and saunas 1.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2, 3
hairdressing and cosmetic services 6.9 8.8 11.5 11.6 11.9
rental service 0.5 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
ритуальные услуги 8.0 7.7 6.8 6.7 6.3
other services 6.9 5.1 4.0 4.2 3.9
An example of a business plan free cleaning
An example of a business plan free cleaning

List of equipment for cleaning

Depending on the range of services is equal to the cost of equipment 70 000 – 150 000 dollars. A recognized leader in the manufacture of equipment are Germany and Italy.

The most remarkable, that a minimum set of equipment is:

  • Washing machines.
  • Machine dry cleaning systems and various classes.
  • Ironing machines.
  • Akvachistka (steam equipment).
  • Dryers.
  • conveyors.
  • Desktop Packers (separately – for blankets, pillows. blankets).
  • Water filters.

Documentation, spelled out in the business plan regarding the choice, purchases, installation and maintenance of equipment for dry-cleaning and laundry

Documents, you need to study before drawing up a business plan, namely:

GUEST 12.2.084-93 (ISO 6178-83) Machines and equipment for laundries and dry cleaners. General safety requirements

GUEST 16567-82 Машины и оборудование для коммунальных прачечных и предприятий химчистки. Terms and Definitions

Sanitary requirements to the device, equipment, maintenance and operation of the laundry

on the video: Технология аквачистки

Дополнительное оборудование для профессиональной химчистки, работающее на растворителях любых типов, example of such:

  • перхлорэтилен,
  • углеводород (KWLКВЛ),
  • Солвон К4,
  • силикон D5 (GreenEarth, или Зелёная Земля),
  • Сенсен и так далее.

Установка оборудования также потребуют денежных вливаний. Не стоит забывать об особенностях обслуживания такой техники. A recognized leader in the manufacture of equipment are Germany and Italy.

Бизнес план химчистки как открыть химчистку с нуля

Начиная свой прибыльный бизнес на химчистке, изучите примеры каталогов оборудования от различных фирм-поставщиков и включите данную статью расходов в свой бизнес план химчистки.

Пример каталогов, которые вы можете использовать в работе (providers, prices, характеристики оборудования, особенности монтажа и обслуживания)

  1. web каталог
  2. kreussler_katalog

Staff

Для организации работы Вам потребуются (из расчета два приемных пункта заказов) небольшое количество работников, namely:

  • accountant (один человек), которого можно приглашать по договору аутсорсинга,
  • technologist (один человек),
  • driver (один человек),
  • гладильщицы (два человека),
  • приемщики заказов (четыре человека).

Для обеспечения нормальной функциональной работы химчистки среднего размера необходим штат от 4 to 6 специалистов. Important, чтобы персонал имел либо хорошие данные к обучению, либо нанять уже опытных сотрудников. Для работы посменно потребуется как минимум 2 technologist, 2 working, 2 гладильщицы.

15.12.2000 Правила обязательны для работодателей и работников организаций независимо от форм их собственности и организационно-правовых форм, а также для индивидуальных предпринимателей, использующих наемный труд, выполняющих работы по химической чистке, стирке изделий

Правила по охране труда в сфере бытового обслуживания (including. химчистка)
Межотраслевые правила по охране труда при химической чистке, стирке

(ПОТ Р М 013-2000)

Organization and management in the business plan for the opening of cleaning

От грамотной организации зависят рентабельность и ликвидность химчистки. Самое главное – это клиент, которому понравилось качество ваших услуг. Поэтому необходимо внимательно относится к пожеланиям и замечаниям клиентов и подумать над спектром оказываемых услуг. For example, кроме самой химчистки, можно предлагать стирку белья, ремонт одежды, покраску кожаных изделий и так далее. Также можно подумать над маркетинговой составляющей – дисконтные карточки для постоянных посетителей, доставка заказов на дом, флаеры со скидочными купонами и прочее.

Большое значение имеет выигрышное размещение пунктов приема заказов. Важно выбрать размещение в наиболее проходимых местах и выделиться вывеской среди других. В последнее время часто приемочные пункты размещают в крупных торгово-развлекательных центрах. Также очень выгодно работать с корпоративными клиентами. Ими могут быть супермаркеты (стирка спец.одежды в больших объемах), производственные цеха (некоторые из них работают с материалами, которые практически нельзя отстирать), столярные цеха, автомастерские и прочее. Главное – максимально загрузить производственные мощности.

Гигиенические требования к организациям химической чистки изделий. СанПин

Financial plan

project costs (in rubles.)

Name expenditure cost of
Qty per month in year Edinovre

-meline

purchase

in total

expenses

year

Purchase (rent) building, room from 80

m

1 800 000 1 800 000
Buying equipment 10 2 446 810 2 446 810
Consumables, коммунальные платежи, phone 70 000 70 000 70 000 70 000
Purchase of computer equipment 1 60 000 60 000
Constant advertising costs 12 70 000 840 000 840 000
Salary 12 822 250 9 867 000 9 867 000
including. taxes 12 247 250 2 967 000 2 967 000
Unexpected expenses 437 681 437 681
in total: 962 250 10 777 000 4 814 491 15 521 491

The tax burden of the enterprise

Name base Period Rate
Tax on profits Profit 30 days 20%
NDS added

cost of

30 days 18%
Property tax value of property According to the schedule of payments 2,2 %
podhodnyh tax wages fund 30 days 13%
Social payments wages fund 30 days 30%

Conclusion

When saving trends in the development of this market, а именно прирост объемов бытовых услуг и потребления в размере от 5 % in year, the company will reach a growth in sales volumes to 16,68 million. rubles per year or more. Размер инвестиций (собственных средств или заемныхкредит или займ инвестора) make 4 455 540 rubles to 2 года с нормой дисконта 16%. Точка безубыточности начинается с 7-го расчетного месяца. During this period, the first amount of profit will be 38 474 rubles. At the end of the crediting period will be the amount of profit 959 460 rub. При этом прибыль банка/инвестора составит 325 923 rub. for 24 settlement period. Ежемесячные обязательные выплаты расходов составили 615 540 p. Размер итоговой валовой прибыли 3 3353 826 p. gross profit : 967 8471 p.

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