- What information should contain a business plan for cleaning?
- Summary of business plan to open dry cleaners from scratch in your city
- algorithms action, prescribed in the business plan Dry
- The commercial opening of the risks of dry cleaning (Laundry)
- Room to open dry cleaners
- Documents, which will be used in the preparation of a business plan for cleaning
- OKPD2 - is the all-Russian classifier of products by economic activity, approved by the Order of Rosstandart 31.01.2014 N 14-cm
- The urgency of the opening of business on dry cleaning. Statistical data on the services market in Russia 2015-2018
- The market of paid services
- Key indicators of paid services to the population
- The volume of paid services to the population (million rubles.)
- Dynamics of the volume of paid services to the population
- List services, prescribed in the dry cleaning business plan
- The volume of paid services to the population by type
- The volume of paid services per capita (rub.)
- The structure of paid services to the population as percentage of total
- List of equipment for cleaning
- Documentation, spelled out in the business plan regarding the choice, purchases, installation and maintenance of equipment for dry-cleaning and laundry
- Organization and management in the business plan for the opening of cleaning
- Financial plan
- The tax burden of the enterprise
How to open a business to organize dry cleaning from scratch - this issue worries many novice businessmen. We offer free dry-cleaning business plan from scratch in your city.
Example of free dry cleaning business plan will help you understand the major issues of the start of the business, statistical data, relevant today, as well as a compilation of legislation will help to better understand the topic and prepare a working presentation for an investor or a bank, you have chosen to receive credit for doing business.
The business plan as a document is also used for preliminary evaluation of the project and determine its effectiveness in a particular city / region of Russia.
What information should contain a business plan for cleaning?
Summary of business plan to open dry cleaners from scratch in your city
1. The project idea.
2. Objectives of the project.
3. Mission of the project.
4. The goals can be the following items:
- Creation of an enterprise with a high level of profitability.
- profit-making legal way, indicating the legal address, Head of passport data and project founder, data about employees and other attributes of business, documented on the territory of the Russian Federation.
- The satisfaction of consumer demand for the provision of services chemical purification of wardrobe items and home / commercial decor.
- Providing services both individuals, and commercial organizations.
Total funding for the project: founder receives Cash loans in the banking or any other financial institution or appeals to private investors using their own funds in the amount of 4 455 540 rub.
The company is in the nature of a private firm to provide clothing cleansing services, linen and items of decor / interior.
Project cost: 4 455 540 rub. Payback period: 12 months. Under certain conditions the investor's income as a result will be equal to 306 600 rubles.
The size of the borrowing rates on cash loans taken 16%. Should be considered, that at present banks are reviewing the rate of interest for investment projects downward.
The total amount of accrued interest will be 306 600 rubles. Payback period from the beginning of the implementation of the enterprise will be 1, 7 of the year.
algorithms action, prescribed in the business plan Dry
- Holding and drawing conclusions on the grid of the general economic situation in the region / city, assessing the level of the supply / demand for a service cleaning the wardrobe items and others., analysis of the direct and indirect competitors, to determine their strengths and weaknesses, build a working business model
- Determining the ideal customer portrait, Segmentation and analysis of the needs and the solvency of the target audience, places its concentration, selection of premises for business, acquisition and adaptation of equipment.
- hiring employees.
- services, now rendered.
- The choice of the enterprise size.
Dry Cleaner is designed for cleaning and washing clothes of the population and enterprises. That is, the consumer services – Individuals and legal entities, such as kindergartens, hotels, cars – serving services, businesses related to the processing of tissues, eg, Laundry, paint, sewing workshop.
Useful documents, general information and requirements.
The commercial opening of the risks of dry cleaning (Laundry)
- Attracting and retaining customers: in connection with the crisis in our country, People often buy new things as damage to low-cost items wardrobe / interior / decor.
- Low quality of services of existing dry-cleaners, increasing the number of customer complaints and refusal to pay the received service.
- The high cost of business startup equipment, purchase consumable chemicals from abroad, search professionals, willing to work with high-tech equipment and cleaning agents and absorbers.
In order to reduce start-up costs and decrease the threshold of entering into business, as well as the opportunity to closely study the subject in practice, it is necessary to open a collection point for cleaning things from a large company, already existing in your city.
Customer focus - the main feature of the modern entrepreneur in any sphere of activity. Today's customer is demanding and the service, and the quality of services provided, so in order to avoid conflict situations, should think about the algorithm, in which the customer fills an order form and set up your signature.
Things without labels and instructions tissue composition, and other markings, it is better not to take treatment. Protect your business from wasteful spending can also, making this item in order form as "Claims to the dry cleaner in case of damage of things I do not have," or similar.
Room to open dry cleaners
To start the operation of the business and the opening of the cleaning required rent, purchase or construction of premises. Regulatory authorities in the face of Roskomnadzor, fire safety and a number of other, to prescribe:
- Dry Cleaning located entirely on the ground, the ground floor or in the basement of uninhabited fund
- Preferably - a detached building, located at a distance of not less than 80 m. from premises , at the height of the selected space should reach three meters and more. Area - from 100 square meters.
- Prerequisite is also the constant availability of water, power, renovated wastewater, uninterrupted operation of ventilation systems and heating during the cold season.
The most profitable for large and medium-sized cities is considered the main accommodation facilities in the country - there are much cheaper rent, and receiving points of customer orders placed in the form of islands in the mall. You may not display the dry cleaner next to the grocery store or public catering enterprises. The room should be two emergency exits, because dry-cleaning for fire category "B". There are also requirements for finishing: walls should be decorated with glazed tiles, and on the floor - ceramic tiles and waterproofing, ceiling - latex paint.
With this business model will require additional costs in the form of lease or purchase of the vehicle, as well as a standing item of expenditure in the form of the acquisition of fuel and car maintenance.
Besides, do not forget about such an expenditure, as utilities and timely repair and overhaul of all communications, and timely supply of consumables. The problem also lies in the fact, that Russian counterparts equipment and reagents do not allow to provide services at a high level should, Therefore, to ensure a good reputation in the future need to take care of finding reliable suppliers in advance.
Documents, which will be used in the preparation of a business plan for cleaning
OKPD2 - is the all-Russian classifier of products by economic activity, approved by the Order of Rosstandart 31.01.2014 N 14-cm
The range of services, accounted for within the indicator "The volume of paid services to the population" Collective classification group "Paid services to the population" based on the National Classification of products by economic activity (OKPD2) Approved by the Order of the Federal State Statistics Service 23 May 2016 g. № 244 (with changes, approved by Order of the Federal State Statistics Service 3 July 2017 g. № 448).
NACE dry cleaning, an excerpt from the document
The urgency of the opening of business on dry cleaning. Statistical data on the services market in Russia 2015-2018
The market of paid services
In April of 2018., according to preliminary information, community services were provided on 754,2 billion rubles (in comparable prices), In January-April 2018. – on 2987,1 billion rubles. The share of expenditure on payment services in the consumer spending of the population in April 2018. was 21,9% (in April 2017. – 21,8%).
Documentation, Recommended reading:
Key indicators of paid services to the population
|The volume of paid services to the population:
|2 271 733||4 943 482||7 467 521||8 050 808||8 636 277|
|per capita, rub.||15 829||34 606||51 116||54 990||58 881|
|Indexes of physical volume of paid services to the population, as a percentage of the previous year:
|according to per volume||106.7||101.4||100.8*||98.7||100.4|
* The circuits ensure statistical comparability index is calculated without taking into account the reduction of the Republic of Crimea and g. Sevastopol
The volume of paid services to the population (million rubles.)
|All services||2 271 733||4 943 482||7 467 521||8 050 808||8 636 277|
|transport||487 521||940 545||1 385 538||1 481 518||1 699 442|
|communication||420 277||950 653||1 268 730||1 283 482||1 291 072|
|utilities||416 335||1 045 400||1 582 545||1 694 255||1 808 014|
|hotels and similar
|60 098||112 855||175 709||188 992||213 288|
|culture||53 232||81 930||128 548||138 937||154 238|
|tourist||33 849||99 879||147 541||158 252||161 344|
|Physical Culture and Sports||14 862||30 089||53 973||62 209||70 274|
|medical||109 756||250 474||474 432||528 359||572 445|
|health-ozdorsvytelnыe||36 082||60 460||92 300||110 513||120 009|
|veterinary||4 771||8 052||13 743||15 560||17 254|
|legal||52 275||84 617||88 642||96 497||96 049|
|the education system||152 670||326 100||486 543||539 685||567 312|
|social services, provided to senior citizens and persons with disabilities||13 361||16 022||19 114|
|other services||81 054||178 698||310 165||332 995||337 183|
Dynamics of the volume of paid services to the population
|AT % to|
period of the previous year
|I half of the year||100,3|
List services, prescribed in the dry cleaning business plan
- Washing of things (linen, blankets, the top clothing).
- bleach delicate tissues.
- Additional washing softening air conditioning and conditioners.
- improvement flavor of things with assistance flavorings.
- breeding complex spots with complex of things (fur, winter things, delicate and cumbersome things).
- Provision of cleansing workwear services to businesses and organizations, and so on.
The volume of paid services to the population by type
at % to
|at % to|
|postal services, courier||5,3||90,3||99,5||0,7||89,8|
| hotels and similar
|Physical Culture and Sports||6,3||104,9||85,7||0,8||106,0|
| specialized collective
| one sanatorium
|the education system||50,8||99,4||94,1||6,7||99,8|
| services, to nationals
elderly and disabled
|Other market services||32,9||*||*||4,5||*|
repairs, dyeing and sewing shoes
| Repair and sewing of garments, fur and
leather products, hats and
textile haberdashery, repairs,
sewing and knitting knitwear
| repair and maintenance
household electronic equipment,
household machines and devices,
repair and manufacturing of hardware
| maintenance and repair of vehicles
means, machinery and equipment
|manufacture and repair of furniture||2546,1||*||*||3,4||*|
| dry cleaning and dyeing,
| repair and construction of housing and
|Services baths and showers||2147,9||98,5||90,6||2,9||98,5|
|services of rental companies||841,7||*||*||1,1||*|
|other types of personal services||2712,7||*||*||3,8||*|
|* Observation of price changes for the listed types of services is not carried out.|
The volume of paid services per capita (rub.)
|All services||15 829||34 606||51 116||54 990||58 881|
|household||1 593||3 410||5 517||5 997||6 331|
|transport||3 397||6 584||9 484||10 119||11 587|
|communication||2 928||6 655||8 685||8 767||8 802|
|housing||838||2 006||3 010||3 590||3 959|
|utilities||2 901||7 318||10 833||11 572||12 327|
|hotels and similar accommodation facilities||419||790||1 203||1 291||1 454|
|tourist||236||699||1 010||1 081||1 100|
|Physical Culture and Sports||104||211||369||425||479|
|medical||765||1 753||3 248||3 609||3 903|
|the education system||1 064||2 283||3 330||3 686||3 868|
|social services, provided to senior citizens and persons with disabilities||92||109||130|
|other services||565||1 251||2 123||2 275||2 299|
The structure of paid services to the population as percentage of total
|All of paid domestic services||100||100||100||100||100|
|repairs, dyeing and sewing shoes||2.7||1.7||1.4||1.4||1.3|
|Repair and sewing of garments, fur and leather products, hats and textile haberdashery, repairs, sewing and knitting knitwear||9.2||4.3||3.6||3.5||3.4|
|Room service is repair and maintenance of household electronic equipment, household machines and devices. repair and manufacturing of hardware||6.5||5.3||4.8||4.8||4.9|
|manufacture and repair of furniture||1.8||3.7||3.4||3.4||3.5|
|dry cleaning and dyeing||0.8||0.7||0.7||0.7||0.7|
|repair and construction of housing and other buildings||27.4||30.1||27.1||27.6||27.6|
|maintenance and repair of vehicles, machinery and equipment||24.1||26.5||31.0||30.3||30.7|
|services Studios, a photo- and cinematographic laboratories||2.5||1.7||1.5||1.6||1.5|
|bath services, showers and saunas||1.9||2.8||2.7||2.6||2, 3|
|hairdressing and cosmetic services||6.9||8.8||11.5||11.6||11.9|
List of equipment for cleaning
Depending on the range of services is equal to the cost of equipment 70 000 – 150 000 dollars. A recognized leader in the manufacture of equipment are Germany and Italy.
The most remarkable, that a minimum set of equipment is:
- Washing machines.
- Machine dry cleaning systems and various classes.
- Ironing machines.
- Akvachistka (steam equipment).
- Desktop Packers (separately – for blankets, pillows. blankets).
- Water filters.
Documentation, spelled out in the business plan regarding the choice, purchases, installation and maintenance of equipment for dry-cleaning and laundry
Documents, you need to study before drawing up a business plan, namely:
on the video: Aqua cleaning technology
Additional equipment for professional dry cleaning, working with all types of solvents, example of such:
- hydrocarbon (KWL – KVL),
- Solvon K4,
- silicone D5 (GreenEarth, or Green Earth),
- Sensen and so on.
Installation of equipment will also require cash injections.. Do not forget about the features of servicing such equipment.. A recognized leader in the manufacture of equipment are Germany and Italy.
Starting your profitable dry cleaning business, study examples of equipment catalogs from various suppliers and include this cost item in your dry cleaning business plan.
Sample directories, which you can use in your work (providers, prices, equipment characteristics, features of installation and maintenance)
To organize work, you will need (based on two receiving points of orders) small number of employees, namely:
- accountant (one man), who can be invited under an outsourcing agreement,
- technologist (one man),
- driver (one man),
- ironers (two people),
- order acceptors (four people).
A medium sized dry cleaner requires a staff of 4 to 6 specialists. Important, so that the staff have either good training data, либо нанять уже опытных сотрудников. Для работы посменно потребуется как минимум 2 technologist, 2 working, 2 ironers.
15.12.2000 The rules are mandatory for employers and employees of organizations, regardless of their forms of ownership and organizational and legal forms, as well as for individual entrepreneurs, using hired labor, performing dry cleaning work, washing products
|Labor protection rules in the field of consumer services (including. dry cleaning)|
|Cross-sectoral rules on labor protection in dry cleaning, wash
(POT R M 013-2000)
- Methodological recommendations for the development of labor protection instructions for workers, employed in consumer services
- SanPin 184.108.40.20646-10 Sanitary requirements to the device, equipment, maintenance and operation of the laundry
Organization and management in the business plan for the opening of cleaning
The profitability and liquidity of dry cleaning depend on a competent organization. The most important thing is the client, who liked the quality of your services. Поэтому необходимо внимательно относится к пожеланиям и замечаниям клиентов и подумать над спектром оказываемых услуг. For example, кроме самой химчистки, можно предлагать стирку белья, ремонт одежды, painting leather products and so on. You can also think about marketing component - discount cards for regular visitors, delivery at door, flyers with discount coupons and more.
Successful placement of order points is of great importance. Важно выбрать размещение в наиболее проходимых местах и выделиться вывеской среди других. В последнее время часто приемочные пункты размещают в крупных торгово-развлекательных центрах. It is also very profitable to work with corporate clients. They can be supermarkets (washing work clothes in large quantities), production workshops (some of them work with materials, which are almost impossible to wash), carpentry shops, auto repair shops and others. The main thing is to maximize production capacity.
project costs (in rubles.)
|Name expenditure||cost of|
|Qty||per month||in year||Edinovre
|Purchase (rent) building, room||from 80
|1 800 000||1 800 000|
|Buying equipment||10||2 446 810||2 446 810|
|Consumables, communal payments, phone||70 000||70 000||70 000||70 000|
|Purchase of computer equipment||1||60 000||60 000|
|Constant advertising costs||12||70 000||840 000||840 000|
|Salary||12||822 250||9 867 000||9 867 000|
|including. taxes||12||247 250||2 967 000||2 967 000|
|Unexpected expenses||437 681||437 681|
|in total:||962 250||10 777 000||4 814 491||15 521 491|
The tax burden of the enterprise
|Tax on profits||Profit||30 days||20%|
|Property tax||value of property||According to the schedule of payments||2,2 %|
|podhodnyh tax||wages fund||30 days||13%|
|Social payments||wages fund||30 days||30%|
When saving trends in the development of this market, namely the increase the volume of personal services and consumption in the amount of 5 % in year, the company will reach a growth in sales volumes to 16,68 million. rubles per year or more. Investment size (own funds or borrowed – investor loan or loan) make 4 455 540 rubles to 2 years with a discount rate 16%. The break-even point starts from the 7th settlement month. During this period, the first amount of profit will be 38 474 rubles. At the end of the crediting period will be the amount of profit 959 460 rub. In this case, the profit of the bank / investor will be 325 923 rub. for 24 settlement period. Mandatory monthly payments of expenses were 615 540 p. Total gross profit 3 3353 826 p. gross profit : 967 8471 p.