- Advertising agency: project goals
- Advertising agency: features and characteristics of the object
- Most advertising agencies have the following structure:
- Opening stages of an advertising agency
- The office of advertising agency
- Official registration
- marketing campaign. Target audience and competitivenesss
- Risks and Prospects
- Financial plan
Advertising industry is developing with each passing year: Any startup company is interested in the rapid development and attracting customers. Professional assistance in this matter offer specialized advertising agencies. Due to the high demand for advertising services, it makes sense to start your own business in this direction. Below - a detailed business plan for an advertising agency from the ground up with the approximate calculations and forecasts on the development of 2019 year.
Advertising agency: project goals
Rhode company will be formulated as an enterprise for the production of advertising, placing the finished product advertising on the agency's advertising platforms.
The main objectives of the project:
- – discovery and development of highly profitable advertising agency;
- – profit at a high level;
- – free filling niche advertising services market.
Summary of the future project, according to preliminary estimates will be the following:
- – initial investments - about 2 million. rubles;
- – return on investment - 10-24 of the month;
- – net profit of the project - from 330 thousand rubles a month.
To prepare for the opening of an advertising agency is required to apply to the banking structure to obtain commercial loans for business development. Approximate size of the loan - 1 million. 900 thousand. That loan funds will be the main part of the initial investments in starting a business, so the total cost of the project will be equal to the size of the lending. The total amount of interest paid, or income of the investor, make 129,5 thousand rubles. Return the borrowed funds will be the first month of the enterprise. Provided that the interest rate on the loan in the amount of 17,5% the payback period should reach 18 months, and the overall economic impact of the project in question conditional life cycle - 1 million. 135 thousand.
These estimates are very approximate and will require confirmation. Therefore, in the financial part of the plan provides detailed cost estimates and future profits on all essential points.
Key features of the advertising business – video:
Advertising agency: features and characteristics of the object
Most modern companies do not engage in their own advertising.. In most cases, they entrust this task to professionals - advertising agencies, that allows you to save time and achieve greater efficiency. Agency experts analyze each situation, constitute a specific task, to-date for a specific client, create and approve a plan. According to the results management performed by the agency preparing the presentation and media plan, agreeing with the customer.
When planning a business opening, you need to consider all the problems, set before advertising, and therefore, and to its creators:
- – informed about the range of goods or services, features and benefits of their use;
- – Message potential customers about new products;
- – the formation of the target audience tastes;
- – suggestions on making seasonal shopping, which may be associated with any events, e.g. sales are common or discounts;
- – call to purchase goods or services in a particular company, that promotes commercial interests;
- – information about new or more suitable places the acquisition of goods;
- – Post representatives of the target audience to expand the range of products or improve its quality;
- – stimulation of demand among buyers.
In this way, the main task of the agency is to create advertising to attract attention of potential consumers to the subject of advertising - the product or service. At the heart of the majority of promotional products is a creative component - a creative approach allows to fix the image of a particular brand in the thinking of the potential customer and create a strong association of the goods - the company.
The most common advertising methods include direct placement in the Internet and media agency professionals, as well as the organization of PR events, promotional reasons - press tours, parties and other actions.
Agency advertising areas can be divided into 2 group - creative and media. The first type of business specializes in creating advertising, the second - on its location and deliver to the addressee. These two main directions can be combined in a single company, but there is also the agency more specialization. For example - the company, engaged in interactive marketing, Event Marketing, branding, communication design, and other areas. Their target audience may be somewhat longer, however, these companies have a sufficient audience due to the high level of provided services in a different direction.
Most advertising agencies have the following structure:
- – Department on work with clients - managers, perform a liaison function between the clients and the advertising agency directly;
- – Strategic Planning Department. In his office - planning communication, work with consumer research and strategy development campaign;
- – creative department - Department, creating a creative part of the product. At the basis of a strategy, previously developed by. This department employs copywriters, Create a text element of advertising, and specialists, responsible for visuals. At the head of this department is usually the creative director;
- – Production Department. Its representatives - designers and prepress professionals, directly working on the realization of the already established ideas;
- – media planning department - responsible for advertising in media outlets, having sufficient relevance;
- – the Department, responsible for advertising on television and in other media, on the Internet and outdoor advertising.
In this way, full service, and provides services performed, It includes aspects:
- – development and construction of a particular campaign strategy;
- – generate ideas for advertising;
- – media planning, providing for the establishment plan of campaign, structured according to the media;
- – buying advertising in the media according to the agreed with the customer deployment plan;
- – production of finished promotional products;
- – campaign effectiveness analysis.
The plan provides for the establishment of a medium-sized agency, so it can not be strictly structured due to the limited number of staff and the lack of a large number of departments. therefore, planning to open a company, should give preference to a multi-skilled. Some functions can be trusted partner companies, as well as to attract external experts.
About tom, how to create a successful advertising agency from scratch – in the video:
Opening stages of an advertising agency
The main stages of creating an advertising agency include:
- – strategy and the format of the future organization;
- – documentation, business entity and registration of license opening;
- – rent or purchase of office premises;
- – purchase and installation of equipment, Computers and office equipment;
- – State set;
- – advertising campaign, search customers.
In more detail the stages of the opening of an advertising agency for a period of two years are as follows:
|Home project||1 – 2 year|
|The conclusion of the investment agreement||1 project of the month||first 30 banking days|
|Getting credit||The availability of compulsory set of documents||1 month|
|Adding to the state register, registration with the administrative and tax authorities||Conclude an investment agreement||from 1 to 30 calendar days|
|choice of location, paperwork||preliminary work||1 month|
|Buying equipment||The conclusion of the investment agreement||To 30 calendar days|
|Equipment installation||Obtaining investment funds||To 30 calendar days|
|recruitment||production activity||To 30 calendar days|
|Training||The end stage of the production process||To 30 days|
|marketing campaign||30 calendar days||To 360 calendar days|
|End of project||12 – 24 of the month|
The office of advertising agency
Much of the work in advertising agencies performed remotely, so the office does not need to open in the city center. But regardless of the geographic location required quality furnished reception, where will be held a meeting with clients.
Average advertising agency can be located in a standard office space 60 quarter. m. If the company will apply to the full range of enterprises, its area must be greater than: then it can be 100 and even more sq.m.. If, however, the first time the company's operations will include primarily the creative part, suitable minimum office, because of the staff will be able to perform their work remotely from home. All of these features will significantly save on rent payment facilities and utilities.
Regardless of, Will the agency be located in the central part of the city or in the sleeping area, it must be equipped with a noticeable signboard. This outdoor advertising will become one of the important methods of attracting customers. Entrance to the office to be properly equipped, making parking. The room itself is well planned zoning: as all employees will perform a different job, important, that their jobs were in different offices. Therefore, for the company of this kind is most suitable standard office building. such premises, usually, do not require major repairs, they often have a connection to the phone and internet, as well as a privileged geographic location.
The main office equipment are:
- – computers with high-quality software;
- – peripherals;
- – furniture: tables and chairs for staff, cabinets, chairs and armchairs for customers and partners, full equipment reception: posture reception, sofa for waiting visitors;
- – if necessary - TV;
- – bandpass repeater.
If you plan to open the agency of the complete cycle, the set of tools and materials will be more extensive:
- – hot glue machines;
- – laminators;
- – cutters;
- – embossing press;
- – office board and projection equipment;
- – document shredder;
- – mini printing house;
- – currency detector;
- – Banknote Counter;
- – various stationery.
All technical equipment is selected in this way., so that it meets existing quality standards and contributes to the company's productivity growth. All equipment must comply with safety standards for humans and the environment.. And the estimated costs of its acquisition must be included in the marketing plan of the project. In most cases, the technical part of the costs is the most expensive item in the business plan..
Creating and maintaining the reputation of an advertising agency requires the involvement of a competent and experienced staff. The main vacant positions, to be filled in first:
- – director (at first he is an accountant and manager);
- – media manager;
- – Project Manager;
- – event manager;
- – Office Manager;
- – online advertising manager;
- – Sales Manager.
If the advertising agency will be a full cycle enterprise, the team will be more numerous. In this case, pickers will be needed., Folders, bookbinders and other workers, responsible for the execution of the technical part of the work.
The peculiarity of this industry is, that there are quite a lot of specialists on the market, but there is still a shortage of professional personnel. This is due to the fact, that the country still lacks a high-quality training system in the field of advertising. It takes about a month to search for suitable specialists., therefore, you should deal with staff recruitment in advance.
Starting a business from scratch requires registration with the tax office. For the company, providing advertising services, both common forms are suitable - LLC and IP. If you plan a mini-format of the company without further expansion, you can definitely choose IP. With a larger project, which in the future should become a full-fledged complex for the development of advertising and the production of promotional products, it is better to immediately register a legal entity - LLC. A more suitable LLC will be in the presence of several founders.
If during planning it was decided to open a legal entity, it is necessary to study the provisions of the Federal Law "On Limited Liability Companies" (http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=LAW&n=296566&fld=134&dst=100111,0&rnd=0.16147056596242848#03107249151542164). The document details requirements, which the company must meet in order to obtain LLC status, as well as the introduction of authorized capital and other features.
Regardless of the form - LLC or SP, need to submit an application to the Federal Tax Service, in which to indicate the main personal data of the founder and the OKVED code according to a special classifier. All types of promotional activities in this document can be found under the code 73 (http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_163320/bf6c4c86ad799c6407ccba6d179cc26629e9e203/#dst104952). To be sure, that none of the services offered will go beyond the code selected by the classifier, agency founder can choose several thematic codes at once. To start a business in the advertising industry, you need to study such regulatory documents:
marketing campaign. Target audience and competitivenesss
The vast majority of modern enterprises, not only medium and large, resort to advertising services, but also small business. But most in demand, according to statistics, advertising specialists, medium and large companies. These are:
- chain stores,
- manufacturing enterprises,
- FMCG companies (offering for sale consumer goods),
- large law firms.
Naturally, that the services of advertising agencies are more in demand among enterprises, engaged in the sale of goods and services, and therefore, primarily targeted to a specific target audience.
Usually, they place high demands on advertising agencies in terms of deadlines, reliability and adequacy of salary.
Since the advertising market can already be considered formed, then this business plan should contain an accurate plan for the company to enter the TOP. It’s easier to organize the work of such an agency in the province, than in big cities, but there will certainly be orders less. therefore, according to preliminary estimates, more promising will be the opening of an advertising business in a big city, especially in Moscow or St. Petersburg.
There are several marketing features., intrinsic to this business. One of the most important is the impact of the economic crisis.. In previous years there was a serious crisis, as a result of which many market participants ceased to exist. As a result, only the strongest agencies remained on the market.. This factor, as well as increasing competition today, not so much full-cycle advertising companies are most relevant, how many agencies, offering a limited range of services.
The main positive feature, affecting market development, can be considered an increasing demand for the services of advertising agencies. Even companies, having own advertising department, turn to specialized specialists, to strengthen its market position.
Only in the capital at the moment more 2,5 thousands of advertising agencies. Moreover, as of 2015 to 2018 years, the industry growth rate was about 13%. In the future, this figure should grow. Wherein, on market research, over the past few years there has been a significant reformatting of the industry: advertising in the press strongly lost ground, giving way to the internet, especially social networks. In turn, outdoor advertising is experiencing significant restrictions from regulations. According to preliminary analysis, contextual online advertising leads the growth in relevance today. Its growth rate is 45 % upward trend. Display ad growth rate - 15%. In general, in the segment of online advertising, the growth rate stably remains the highest - it is 43 percent.
To summarize information about the marketing plan of the business, we can conclude, that the number of market participants is gradually growing, while the demand for advertising agency services remains at about the same level. It means, what you need to enter the market with a specific, different from existing, a strategy.
Before the opening, it is necessary to carry out a set of measures to form a consumer opinion and attract customers. Such methods will be effective in this.:
- – design and development of your own website;
- – advertising on their advertising platforms;
- – creating thematic videos;
- – advertising in themed media.
Effective methods of promoting a campaign include advertising on television, where a large number of potential customers will see them.
According to the established rule, any service will be promising, if its target audience includes at least 1 % from economically active population. In the case of Russia, the number of potential customers should be from 780 thousand, which under current conditions is very likely.
Risks and Prospects
The positive is, that the owner has a lot of information, helping to create new areas of profit, and useful connections. A number of other companies can be developed from such an agency over time.:
- Design Studio,
- PR agency,
- consulting company and others.
The advertising agency’s strategic plan should be based on existing risks., peculiar to any private enterprise. The opening of an advertising agency is accompanied by such risks:
- – recurring economic crisis, decreasing demand in most segments of the country's services market;
- – the high level of competition;
- – significant financial investments, especially when creating a full-cycle agency;
- – shortage of highly qualified specialists in the industry.
The prospects of the future company depend on the success of choosing a market segment.. So, an advertising agency can serve such business segments:
– home offices: the characters here are individual entrepreneurs, conducting their own business and striving for the development and increase of clientele;
– small businesses, содержащие в своем штате менее 100 employees. Они располагают небольшим бюджетом, однако входят в число самых важных и численных клиентов рекламных агентств;
– компании среднего масштаба, число которых не достигает 500 person;
– крупные фирмы. Такие предприятия, число сотрудников в которых составляет больше 500 person, считаются самыми платежеспособными клиентами. Но эта категория немногочисленна, и за ее расположение придется бороться с конкурирующими компаниями.
Чтобы полноценно зайти на рынок, следует ориентироваться на все существующие категории потенциальных клиентов. В этом случае не представляют угрозы ни возможный кризис, ни активизация конкурентов.
Финансовая составляющая бизнес-плана предусматривает такие основные особенности:
1) Вначале рассчитывается план загрузки проекта. В нем будет учтено, что в период первых 3-6 месяцев рекламное агентство будет работать в основном «на себя», чем на клиентов. It means, что основное внимание будет уделяться преимущественно рекламе собственных услуг. По истечении указанного выше срока должна быть достигнута точка безубыточности.
2) При первоначальном анализе потенциальной прибыли будущего предприятия используют усредненные цифры, актуальные для этого направления рынка:
|Expenses||cost of, в долларах|
|аренда помещения за месяц (разово за 6 months 12000 у. е.)||2000|
|коммунальные платежи, per month||500|
|фонд заработной платы за месяц (разово за 2 of the month 16000 у. е.)||8000|
|marketing, per month (разово 6000 у. е.)||3000|
Представленный план – стандартный, составленный без учета индивидуальных нюансов отдельно взятого плана. Применительно к конкретному плану и с учетом строго запланированных пунктов затрат следует рассчитать расходную часть в нескольких разрезах – стартовые, ежемесячные и годовые траты. В этом ключе план расходов проекта будет следующим:
|item of expenditure||for 1 month, rub.||За год, rub.||One-off costs||За год, rub.|
|Purchase (или аренда) room (from 60 m)||45000||540000||90000||630000|
|Purchase of equipment, 10 meals.||34000||815000||815000|
|Purchase of computer equipment||69000||69000|
|Creation and promotion, покупка скрипта, hosting, программного обеспечения||120000||120000|
|Salary (for 12 months.)||from 630000||from 7,5 million.||from 7,5 million.|
|tax payments (for 12 months.)||190000||2 million. 275 thousand.||2 million. 275 thousand.|
|in total||from 700000||8 million. 700 thousand.||1 млн.204 тыс.||9,9 million.|
When planning the enterprise income, следует рассмотреть средние цены на рекламные услуги, operating on the market. Минимальные показатели будут следующими:
– рекламный сценарий – от 12 thousand and more;
– разработка логотипа – от 30 thousand;
– создание фирменного стиля бренда – свыше 70 thousand;
– разработка рекламного макета для журнала;
– создание среднего макета рекламного щита – от 8 thousand;
– разработка оригинал-макета корпоративного издания – 25 thousand and more.
Особенность рекламного бизнеса в том, что у создаваемого в нем продукта нет конкретной себестоимости. Стоимость услуг рекламщиков практически полностью зависит от их репутации на рынке и умения зарекомендовать и продать свой продукт клиенту. However, хотя в этой отрасли не может быть верхней ценовой границы, изначально нужно отталкиваться от среднерыночных цен в своем городе и регионе.
Рассматриваемый в плане 2-годичный период – ориентировочный срок для открытия и выведения рекламного агентства на самоокупаемость. План объемов производства и реализации услуг агентства за этот период условно можно разделить на два основных этапа:
|Period||Type of service||The volume of production and sales of 1 months. (PC.)||price, rub.||Revenues from sales, rub.|
|1 – 12 monthly investment||Изготовление текстов||from 60 текстов||from 340||21700 and more|
|1 – 12 monthly investment||Создание аудиороликов||from 15 роликов||from 6800||107,5 thousand|
|1 – 12 monthly investment||ad placement||from 30 эфиров||from 23000||716,8 thousand.|
|1 – 12 monthly investment||Изготовление полиграфической продукции||from 1000 per month||from 120||120 thousand|
|13 – 24 month operation||Изготовление текстов||from 64 текстов||from 380||24,5 thousand|
|13 – 24 month operation||Создание аудиороликов||from 16 роликов||from 7530||from 120,5 thousand|
|13 – 24 month operation||ad placement||from 32 эфиров||from 25000||800 thousand|
|13 – 24 month operation||Изготовление полиграфической продукции||from 1100 per month||from 135||148,5 thousand|
Если действующий прирост рынка, составляющая на данный момент 13% in year, останется на том же уровне, годовой объем реализации предприятия превысит 10 million. rubles.
Прогноз продаж выполняют на основе таких факторов:
– анализ спроса потребителей услуг рекламных агентств;
– выводы по проведенному анализу общего состояния рынка предоставления услуг в рекламной сфере;
– общие выводы относительно состояния соответствующего сегмента рынка. Порог рентабельности при проведении расчетов будет наиболее низким, что позволит сделать анализ максимально объективным и точным.
taxes, обязательные к уплате любым частным предприятием независимо от рода деятельности и выбранной системы налогообложения, following:
|Tax on profits||earned profit||1 month||20%|
|NDS||added value||1 month||18%|
|Property tax||value of property||According to the schedule||2,2%|
|Income tax||wages fund||1 month||13%|
|Social Security contributions||wages fund||1 month||30%|
so, бизнес-план рекламного агентства – одно из современных и востребованных направлений сферы услуг. Эта отрасль специфична, так как ее целевая аудитория – субъекты предпринимательской деятельности различного масштаба. Так как рекламные услуги не принадлежат к сфере первой необходимости, на этот вид деятельности существенно влияют кризисные явлений в экономике. Вместе с тем при грамотной маркетинговой кампании и высоком качестве предоставляемых услуг у востребованных агентств даже в экономически неблагоприятные периоды есть шанс удержать свои позиции. При успешном старте и активном развитии окупаемость предприятия наступает в течение 2 years old.
Важные детали рекламного бизнеса – video: