- What information should contain a business plan for the cultivation of vegetables
- Summary Business Plan for the cultivation of vegetables in greenhouses
- Stages of the project's business plan for the cultivation of vegetables
- algorithms action, prescribed in the business plan of growing vegetables
- The business plan of growing vegetables registered the following actions algorithms for starting a business:
- The relevance of business in growing fresh vegetables
- Obtaining additional income
- project costs
- What form the legal action for KFH is best to choose
- The main taxes paid
- Confirmation of quality of products
- Forecast of consumption of products of greenhouse farming settlement period
- NACE codes
- project costs
What information should contain a business plan for the cultivation of vegetables
Summary Business Plan for the cultivation of vegetables in greenhouses
- This project - a plan for the creation of private enterprises for organizing business vegetable cultivation plan
for 24 of the month. First of all, list the key points of the process of creating a business plan start growing vegetables. In the first place there is the project idea, and objectives of the project, such as:
- Creation of an enterprise with high level of profitability.
- Receiving a profit legal way, indicating the legal address, Head of passport data and project founder, Employee Information.
- Satisfaction of consumers demand to fill consumer demand for fresh vegetables, fruits and fresh herbs without chemical additives and nitrates.
- nature of the enterprise: enterprise for the implementation of fresh vegetables, fruits and fresh greens without nitrates and chemical additives.
- Enabling and cover consumer demand.
- Finding and conclusion of contracts with investors.
- Project cost: 1 342 554,81 rubles
- financing of the project: By obtaining a commercial loan in the amount of 1 342 554,81
- To implement the project the company needs to take out a loan in the amount of RUR 24 settlement months discount rate 14%.
- payback period: 2 of the year.
- the investor's income will be 328 677,78 rubles.
- Payment of interest on the loan starting from the first month of this project.
- Repayment begins with 7 project implementation. This fact is entered in this business plan to facilitate understanding of the structure for calculating the flow regulation discounted cash flow and. Repayment begins with the first month of the project. This fact is entered in this business plan to facilitate understanding of the structure for calculating the flow regulation discounted cash flow and.
- Implicit interest rate on borrowings 5 %. Should be considered, that at present banks are reviewing the rate of interest for investment projects downward. Besides, should take into account the fact, that credit facilities for agricultural projects are issued on more favorable terms.
- The total amount of accrued interest will be 328 677,78 rubles.
- The payback period from the beginning of the project 5 months.
- Payback period with discounting 3, 5 year year.
- The overall economic benefits of the project for the life cycle of a conditional 14 074 679,37 rubles.
Stages of the project's business plan for the cultivation of vegetables
|stages of the project||Test conditions||Deadlines|
|The conclusion of the investment agreement||1 project of the month||1-30 banking days|
|Adding to the state register, registration with the administrative and tax authorities, harmonization of statutory and other documents||The conclusion of the investment agreement||1-30 calendar days|
|The conclusion of the contract with the land owner (rental or purchase)||The conclusion of the investment agreement||1-30 calendar days|
|Signing the contract for construction of administrative premises||The conclusion of the investment agreement||1 -30 calendar days|
|Purchase, greenhouse construction, communications holding , heating system||The conclusion of the investment agreement||1 -30 calendar days|
|Buying equipment, packaging line, supply line||The conclusion of the investment agreement||1 -30 calendar days|
|Purchase of specialized furniture and equipment||The conclusion of the investment agreement||1 -30 calendar days|
|Buying seedlings and seeds, fertilizer, spets.odezhdy, inventory||The conclusion of the investment agreement||1-30 calendar days|
|Signing the contract for the signaling connection and protection of the territory by special services||Installation of specialized security equipment||1 -30 calendar days|
|hiring workers, training.||Completion of the installation of greenhouses and equipment||1-30 calendar days|
|Start planting works||Completion of the installation of greenhouses and equipment||depending on the cultivated culture|
|Implementation of measures for the cultivation of the crop||Depending on the cultivated culture||depending on the cultivated culture|
|Conducting pre-sales marketing activities||The conclusion of the investment agreement||throughout the period of activity|
|First harvest||Depending on the cultivated culture||1-360 calendar days|
|Implementation of harvest||Completion of the first harvest||1 -360 banking days|
|Preparation for winter season||Completion of the first harvest||1 -360 banking days|
|Beginning of a new planting season||Completion of the first harvest||1 -360 banking days|
algorithms action, prescribed in the business plan of growing vegetables
The business plan of growing vegetables registered the following actions algorithms for starting a business:
- The methods and techniques of analysis target audience, drawing up a portrait of the ideal customer, its solvency ratio.
- Business Registration in the state regulatory and tax authorities.
- Hiring qualified employees, able to fulfill customer wishes and be ready to work. Another item of expenditure considered hiring employees. Specialists will take the vacant positions on a competitive basis, As employees of the total, maintenance and temporary nature with a decent competitive pay. Nominations applicants for the position will be reviewed within 30 calendar days.
- services, now rendered.
on the video: How to put the farm on the rack greenhouses
The relevance of business in growing fresh vegetables
Optimization of all processes require the infusion has a certain amount of funds, therefore better, if investors will be several.
Organic products - is a kind of vegetable, fruit and vegetables, which is produced without chemical fertilizers, nitrates, pesticides and treatment of pests, and, when it comes to livestock, the rejection of antibiotics, growth stimulants and weight gain in animals, hormonal preparations, and ionizing radiation. Today introduced a bill "On organic production". Soon establish logo - a common sign, which will be allowed to be used exclusively for the production of, produced organically. Besides, in modern conditions, organic production certification process takes place both in Russia, and abroad.
According to the data, provided by the Union of Organic Agriculture, Now the territory of the Russian Federation, work only 70 organic farms, have certificates of conformity: 53 farms have been certified abroad, and 17 have domestic sample document. City farming - is a good way to provide yourself and your healthy natural products, and have a high stable earnings.
To date, according to the UN, more 50 percent of the world population lives in cities, and by 2050 this will rise to 70 percent. Global urbanization will lead to, that the development and popularity of the city-farming will increase by several times, and it's time to take a profitable niche. The most popular are farm, which are equipped with automatic climate control systems (climate controllers)
owners vertical greenhouses in Europe and the United States are stable high income, and those farmers, which have long been promoting their products on the world market, launches accelerator - training programs for those, who wants to learn how to grow vegetables and fruit itself. As part of the program, students are taught not only to manage urban farms and quite complex mechanisms, but also dealt with a total agronomike, delve into the features of cultivation of a culture, as well versed in the successful realization of the finished product features.
Today buy fresh strawberries in winter, greens, and vegetables in the salad does not seem so complicated. Another thing - the quality of such products. Previously vitamins brought from abroad, and guarantees for environmental friendliness of these foods were given to almost zero, and the amount of harmful additives, nitrates and nitrates zashkalivalo, today the import substitution policy, actively pursued by state, bore fruit. So, imports of fresh fruit and vegetables has decreased over the past 2 by more than 50 percent. Local farmers, with the support of government grants, more loyal tax policy and other favorable conditions for the start of their business on the land, provide inflow of local organic and environmentally friendly products, grown under greenhouse conditions. organic products the world market has increased over the seven-year period up to five times and now exceeds 90 000 000 000 dollars.
In our country a little more work 90 such companies, and it is compared with the territorial capacity of the Russian Federation, very little. Therefore, the cultivation of organic vegetables - it is profitable and practically unoccupied niche, in which you can do well now.
The organic farm to grow vegetables, you can now almost entirely automated, equipping automatic feeding light systems, heat, with regulators air conditioning and ventilating, and debugged mode supply of nutrients and fertilizers. Sales of such products can be organized in the city in terms of catering to the markets.
The European experience shows that, that the supply chain of fresh vegetables should be as short as possible in order, to give the maximum financial return: So, in France, directors or managers of catering outlets (from upmarket restaurants to simple cafés for students) and even some private consumers agree with the supplier-farmer, who is the owner of hothouse, the supply of fresh produce. The technology of face-to-face allows the farmer to more clearly analyze the demand for its products, and a carefully planned future yields and certain crops. Automation farms growing vegetables allows a good save on staff, which is most often unskilled and often incriminating in property damage and theft.
Most often in our latitudes in greenhouses farmers grow:
- flowers (require significant capital investment and expertise in the field of agriculture, as the flowers quite capricious culture, and to create optimal conditions for them, as well as for the purchase of a good healthy varieties / seedlings / cuttings of other relevant, high enough, costs). Besides, competition is high - usually flowers are imported from abroad, especially in the high season - the holidays like the eighth of March, 1 of September and the outlet in the universities and schools, as well as the Day of the winter Valentine.
- Vegetables (bell pepper, tomatoes, cucumbers, radish).
- berries (most popular crop is strawberries).
- fresh herbs (dill, salad, parsley, sorrel, basil, garlic, onion-pen, celery, kinzu).
- mushrooms (Pumpkin figolistnaja, champignons).
on the video: Effective heating in the greenhouse | rules of installation
Obtaining additional income
For, to cultivate the fruit of an unusual shape, began to form the ovary is placed in a special form, the fetus grows and gradually fills in a form. For, fruit that has acquired the intended shape, and I have not lost the presentation, a number of conditions must be met. Material, of which the shape, must possess sufficient rigidity and density. The material forms a mandatory basis should be transparent. To plant properly matured and formed correctly, it needs sunlight.
Ability evaporation - if the fruit or vegetable will not evaporate during the growth of excessive moisture, he rot, failing to achieve the desired degree of maturity. For, to produce molds for fruit, You can use the safety of medical plastics, plexiglass white, or colorless, as well as Plexiglas or polycarbonate. Usually forms consist of two parts, are bonded to each other clips or clamps - thus, they can be removed from the fruit, without damaging the integrity of any plant, or the form itself.
Another good idea is to make extra money - delivery of finished sets of recipes chefs. So how will you deal with vegetables, better pay attention to the needs of such a narrow target segment, both vegans, vegans and raw foodists. Remember, that the main target audience, regardless of, followers they healthy lifestyle, or not, "Living" and draws information from the Internet. Get a group in social networks, communicate with customers.
Sometimes wholesalers disadvantageous Pickup - to organize a convenient shipping and packing, make attractive photos, to a potential client wanted to buy fresh and organic products.
At the stage of scaling business, when you're not yet ready to go on with their suggestions franchising market, organize coaching - teaching beginners business. Create free and paid workshops, offer the story of his success, which can target beginning businessmen, offer them as a business support in partnership, and one-time consultation fee.
If there is a situation of excess product sales and the emergence of unrealized balances, freeze them or dry the - vitamins in any of these types like consumer, and he is ready to buy at a slightly lower price, than fresh produce. In order to avoid a surplus of unsold goods, you must register at the stage of creating a business plan and plan future sales, promotion strategy and content plan.
businessmen, who have already built a lucrative business in the cultivation of vegetables, mark, that a clear action plan with drawings, tables, analytics and correct statistics, and carefully calculated the revenue and expenditure part - more than half of success. Necessarily need to have a supply of funds to account for the occurrence of force majeure, a kind of "safety cushion" - this will avoid loans and other loans, not covered by the approved business plan.
Manufacturers of automatic systems sometimes do not take into account the fact, that their products / equipment will be managed by the people, which are far from agronomy. So before, you order kits of equipment and deciding to take up farming, must be reserved at least an initial store of knowledge. In the city most often located on a farm to grow vegetables in the form structures hydroponic vertical type. experts note, then on the market today there is practically no segment of simple equipment, which could deal a resident of.
Organic farms may be composed of several solar greenhouses, consisting of structures, made of mild steel, top is insulated with foam. Assembly and installation of such structures is very simple and easy. One of the transparent walls should be oriented to the south side and skip to 90 percent of the sunlight. part of the wall, facing north, It is sheathed internally reflective elements. Bottom part, made of concrete, puts communication - pipes, connected to the boiler and the underfloor heating manifold.
automation of microclimate, according to the business plan, the cultivation of vegetables, mounting the sensors can provide temperature readings, levels of humidity and heat, as well as the light level controls, amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the degree of watering.
Also need to purchase LED fitosvetilniki, humidifier and air purifier (industrial), take care of the installation of coolers, which begin their operation at higher air temperature outside the greenhouse, as well as special automated curtains, regulate the amount of incoming sunlight into the greenhouse. The price of such a greenhouse can reach 100 000 US $. This amount includes the costs for the purchase of construction materials, fertile ground, equipment (LED-fitosvetilnikov, humidification systems, ventilation and air conditioning, and other automated systems), as well as the payment of construction workers, engaged in the installation of greenhouses. There is also a risk refers not so much the salvation of seedlings from the severe frosts, which in varying degrees, exposed regions of our country, as the correct method for deriving an excessive amount of heat.
While the law does not clear border between conventional and organic farming, so organic products is any products, grown on the farm, that is fundamentally wrong. To sales of products held more actively, beginning businessman still at the start it is worth considering on getting these important documents, as the certificates of conformity to the requirements of "On Food Safety" of the Eurasian Economic Union – while fresh vegetables can be sold more expensive and elite retail chains and food networks (restaurants, Cafe, bars)
Restaurants and cafes it is important first of all, quality of the products you, as well as the opportunity to have access to order a wide range of fresh vegetables, fruits and berries all year round. investors important, that your business has developed and had the potential to scale, therefore lay in the business plan for the possibility of expanding the network and organization of franchise offers.
- GOST R 576712017 Devices irradiation with LED light sources for greenhouses.
- General specifications
- Federal-Law-on-08.08.2001-N-129 FZ-red.-of-31.12.2017
- Fresh green onions. specifications
- Guidelines for the technological design of greenhouses and greenhouse combines for cultivation of vegetables and sprouts
- Occupational safety and health of workers greenhouses. Guidelines
- Conservatories and Greenhouses. The updated edition of SNIP 2.10.04-85
- The primary documentation-on-opening-activity
Creating a greenhouse the size 200 quarter. m and the equipment for it will cost, According to approximate calculations,, at 6 500 000 rubles. Distribution channels - developed independently or with the help of extras managers. yield calculation - about 5 kilograms cherry tomatoes, 7 kilograms of tomatoes and conventional varieties 12 kg. with space cucumbers 1 quarter. m. for 30 calendar days. Payback period 1 units on a solar greenhouse 200 quarter. m around 4,5 years old.
The margin on organic vegetables is about 30-50%, on that first of all pay attention to the owners of restaurants of, since it is important taste and origin of the supply of vegetables. Today, According to experts, demand 10 times greater than the supply, which means extra chances to get on-demand market with a small number of competitors.
However, the business in the cultivation of vegetables has some risk - so, the vast majority of consumers are not prepared to overpay for a mark "eco" and "organic" on vegetables, true, gradually increasing the awareness of the citizens in this segment, and the underlying demand for such products provide residents of Moscow and St. Petersburg because of the increased level of income. The climate is that the majority of regions of Russia, that the demand for fresh fruits and vegetables at the consumer is almost all year round,
In order to attract the consumer, necessary to keep the price of the product as much as possible a constant level, regardless of the season. Here you will help sales team, who know, how to install the most reasonable price and still compare favorably with imported from abroad tasteless, and sometimes even dangerous to health, products. Typically, the price of "organic" in the above 1.5-2, but who knows the buyer will be willing to pay and the price for a really high-quality product.
The advantage of this type of business is also in the, that it can support and subsidy programs, such example, as the State Program for Development of Agriculture and Regulation for 2013-2020. The program will provide support for the novice farmer material and information, with free or at minimal cost in consultation with the lawyers, accountants, etc..
Niche is particularly promising in the comparatively little competition and the gradual decline of foreign retail. The main risks to the organization of cultivation of vegetables and fruits. The most important thing - to choose the format of the farm work - it will be the cultivation of the crop in the closed or open field. Your decision will depend on the size of land, as well as all further activities.
This business plan is considered the possibility of growing fresh vegetables organically in a new generation of greenhouses.
We list the main risks, you may encounter an aspiring businessman in the construction stage of the business:
- Today it is very difficult to get the target credit for farm business in banking institutions. It is better, if it is a number of private investors or foreign business angels.
- Inflated prices for utilities - water, electricity.
- Today it is difficult enough to get in and use for the purpose of installation of greenhouses good land.
- The lack of qualified staff, the reluctance of many workers to perform work on the farm.
- Difficulties in obtaining support from the state, long gathering of necessary documents, certificates, evidence, which ultimately did not give a perfect result
- Local authorities and government administration can hinder the development of business
- The absence of a truly high-quality design of greenhouses and contractors, ready to implement projects to life.
What form the legal action for KFH is best to choose
For, To register your business, the best option would be a form of peasant farm. This form will give the right to use a number of benefits and privileges of the tax burden. It is mandatory to examine the regulatory and legislative framework, to know all their rights and obligations in this area: Federal Law number 74 (http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_42662/).
There are set out the basic principles of peasant farms, registered and carry out their direct activity on the territory of Russia. KFH can organize independently, and accept as holders of relatives or other persons. but, worth remembering, that you have to be registered not only as the founder of the business, but also as an individual entrepreneur.
Besides, There are a number of restrictions on the conduct of activities on the land, which is located on your loan, It was issued to you by the state free of charge or obtained by other means. So, to save all the benefits and great deals, you need to use the land exclusively for farm purposes. Any other activities on this plot of land is forbidden. Also, no harm will be familiar with the Civil codec article 86.1 (http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_5142/090c617ed1c2452f3ce1c7e2d24ee7269312143e/).
It says here, that the peasant farm can be opened, without having to register a legal entity - it is quite expensive and time-consuming process. SP KFH is favorable also because of the receipt of exemptions in terms of contributions to funds, if the number of KFH members shall not exceed the amount of five.
The main taxes paid
|Tax on profits||Profit||Month||20%|
|NDS||The amount of the transaction||month||18%|
|Income tax||wages fund||month||13%|
Confirmation of quality of products
The cultivation of vegetables, As in any other direction enterprise Allocation, has its own quality standards. Compliance with these standards is presented in the roar of vegetables some buyers attach great importance. For this reason, if the business is positioned as environmentally friendly cultivation of vegetable crops, this should be confirmed by the appropriate certificates. clear, that the receipt of such documents is fraught with certain costs, but greatly expands the markets produced vegetables and increases thus profit levels.
Forecast of consumption of products of greenhouse farming settlement period
|Period||Realization of production of hothouse of the ripening period||The volume of provided services, thousand. t||price||Revenues from sales (thousand. rub.)|
|1 — 12 monthly investment||ripening period - 1- 2 months. Harvesting - up 30 once a year||from 300||from 89,85 rubles per kilogram||from 26 956,8|
|1 — 12 monthly investment||ripening period 3-4 months. Harvesting - up 20 once a year||from 120||from 47 rubles per kilogram||from 5 616|
|1 — 12 monthly investment||ripening period - 6 months. and more months. Harvesting - up 5 once a year||from 200||from 25 rubles per kilogram||from 5 148|
|13- 24 monthly investment||ripening period - 1- 2 months. Harvesting - up 30 once a year||from 500||from 95,94 rubles per kilogram||from 47 970|
|13-24 monthly investment||ripening period 3-4 months. Harvesting - up 20 once a year||from 300||from 52,65 rubles per kilogram||from 15 795|
|13-24 monthly investment||ripening period - 6 months. and more months. Harvesting - up 5 once a year||from 400||from 29,25 rubles per kilogram||from 11 700|
|25 -36 monthly investment||ripening period - 1- 2 months. Harvesting - up 30 once a year||from 550||from 111,15 rubles per kilogram||from 61 132,5|
|25 -36 monthly investment||ripening period 3-4 months. Harvesting - up 20 once a year||from 350||from 58,5 rubles per kilogram||from 20475|
|25- 36 monthly investment||ripening period - 6 months. and more months. Harvesting - up 5 once a year||from 450||from 35,1 rubles per kilogram||from 15 795|
Fitolampy and natural sunlight is superheated inside a greenhouse, and ventilation by opening vents is impossible due to the evaporation of moisture necessary. Before starting the business registration, must be checked, that the site has been connected to all necessary communications, which should run smoothly.
Make sure you choose a greenhouse and equipment fully meet the requirements of business processes and the architecture you strategy, necessary to clarify a number of nuances, namely:
- types of crops, you will grow under greenhouse conditions.
- seedling size.
- Seasonal greenhouses.
- Accommodation Project greenhouses.
- The use of automatic or manual labor.
- The size of seed capital and funds, are you willing to spend on the purchase and installation of equipment.
- Remember, that greenhouse, Custom, take into account in its design features of the region, which will be installed, and must comply with quality certificates.
- to increase the profitability of the business ideas.
- In Europe and Asia the trend is gaining widespread popularity and growing retail sales of fruits and vegetables a given shape - it can be a square, heart, Star and other.
- The margin on these fruits and vegetables can be up to 300 percent, and product quality is clean and the unusual shape of the product does not affect its taste, that is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
In OKVED 01.13 - Vegetable, melons, roots and tubers, Mushrooms and Truffles.
NACE codes – BUT.01.12.2.
on the video: Business on vegetables. Choose a place under the name of rent and. What's next?| real business
|Qty||per month||in year||One-time purchase||Total costs per year|
|Land lease||50 thousand. sq.m||25 000||300 000||300 000|
|VAT refund from the budget||18,00%||25 00||30 000||30 000|
|Construction of buildings of the administrative building||3 317 760||39 813 120||39 813 120|
|Construction of vegetable stores||291 666,67||3 500 000||3 500 000|
|Purchase of greenhouses with automatic systems: heating and mortar node||20||4 028 727||80 574 540||80 574 540|
|VAT paid (to return from the budget)||604 309,05||0||604 309,05||604 309,05|
|Building and installing (35%) of the cost without VAT||1 198 546,28||0||27 989 580,83||27 989 580,83|
|11rovedenie power, heating system, communications holding, payment of electricity, SML||1 400 000||1 400 000|
|Buying equipment, packaging line, pine feed||8 841 653||8 841 653|
|Buying seedlings and seeds, fertilizer, spets.odezhdy, inventory||3 000 000||3 000 000|
|Buying a car||380 000||380 000|
|Purchase of office furniture||set||15 000||15 000|
|Purchase of computer equipment||2||25 000||50 000||50 000|
|Buying a network of licensed software||9 800||9 800|
|personnel salary||12||540 960||6 491 520||6 491 520|
|– including. taxes||12||172 960||2 075 520||2 075 520|
|Utilities, link||12||52 500||630 000||630 000|
|Conducting marketing company||12||75 000||900 000||900 000|
|Unexpected expenses (10% the project cost)||12||1 228 050,12||1 228 050,12|
|in total:||10 334 929||53 799 960||124 033 133||177 228 783,95|